“Community, Identity, Stability”. Alienation and oppression are explored heavily in the novel, which many of the characters experience. For example, Bernard is alienated because he is a misfit, too small and too powerless for the position he has been conditioned to enjoy. Helmholtz is seen to be too intelligent to play his role and finally, John who is also alienated on multiple levels. He is alienated by the Indian community, and feels he is unable to become part of the world state although this alienation can be seen to provide the characters motivation for their goals.

You could argue that this alienation is brought about due to the oppressive society in which the characters live. The new world order puts stability before everything, therefore the truth becomes undesirable. A lot of the characters follow the idea of ‘freedom hurts’ an idea expressed by Slavoj Zizek a Slovene philosopher; they are not willing to see the truth because it’s painful and often they can’t get to grips with the unfolding of lies. Although John can be seen as the exception, he is disgusted by the lack of humanity and “be happy all the time” ground rules. Therefore, he makes himself suffer to prove he is not under the thumb of the controllers.

John being the only human naturally born from a mother represents a very unique character. In the novel, conditioning and permanent social stratification is used to make everyone fit the system perfectly. John’s mother was created in the civilized society and lived there until John was accidentally conceived. John had a connection to civilised society very early on through Shakespeare and stories from his mother. John finally arrives at civilisation as an experiment by Bernard Marx and Mond and they were intrigued to see how a savage would cope in this new environment. John at first seems to cope well, but he is disgusted by the people’s lack of free will and their ignorance and selfishness. He denounces civilised society as Mustapha Mond tells him, “there is no place for God”. He creates his own society, which at first works, until reporters come and interrupt his tranquillity. He then ultimately turns to soma and eventually commits suicide as a form of escape. Overall, John shows us the failings of the savage and civilised society and although he created his own society that is different from the rest it also fails, indicating that there is no ideal tranquil society.

John is a religious man, he believes in life after death to an extent. We shouldn’t indulge in mortal life in order to save our souls in the next. In certain types of Christianity, self-torture can be seen as a way of cleansing the soul. Throughout the novel there are various incidents which show this emphasis on self-preservation. For example, in Chapter 18, John throws himself into a “thorny bush” and Lenina thrusts her nails into his wrists. When he exiles himself from the civilised society he forces himself to drink mustard which somewhat acts as a self-conditioning and repentance. Even soma is described as “Christianity without tears” as it helps control society without pursuing the divided nature of religion.

Karl Marx, the founder of Marxism, believes that the needs of the society are more important than our individual needs, because everybody has a role in society and a goal to accomplish. Marxists believe that if you serve the needs of someone else, everybody will make sure your own needs are taken care of. In the novel, it is illustrated by the fact that people are replaceable and that the only priority is the efficiency of society. Mustapha Mond, the world controller, is a key enforcer of this. We can see this from the first moment we are introduced to him; a key aspect of control in A Brave New World is the use of his loud voice which is used in Chapter 15 to calm the riots. As we are introduced to Mond we are instantly told of “his strong deep voice” and the fact that “his voice sent a strange thrill quivering along [the students’] diaphragms.” Mustapha Mond is an embodiment of the idea of control in the novel, and the mention of his loud domineering voice contributes to this.

Ironically one of the key moments in the novel regarding Mustapha Mond is when he isn’t speaking. In Chapter 12 he is reading a Biology paper, and although he is interested by it he does not hesitate to throw it away. He seems to sacrifice happiness in order to pursue the ideals of social efficiency.

“Mother, monogamy, romance” are the words Mustapha Mond uses when discussing society to the young. Something that John stands firmly against, Mond is stating that the world state has been created to do away with these things in order to create social stability. This stance creates Johns isolation, he doesn’t deem throwing away these basic freedoms are worth social stability. This is a key point in the novel as it creates John’s isolation and is a key chain in the events that led to his eventual alienation and suicide.

John’s fixation on Shakespeare comes from his early reading of his novels as part of the Indian society. In many ways Shakespeare’s works can be seen as an analogy for his life. For example, John finds himself isolated much like Othello does. Othello is discriminated because of his skin and John his upbringing. On the other hand John is not oblivious to his isolation. “Hey, I’ve spent my whole life being lonely. You too!? No way!” His acceptation of his loneliness is evident in this quote. Yet later on in the novel when he meets Lenina he sees someone who can remove him from his solitude. “Look! A white girl!” John sees someone who is like him; this therefore offers him a chance to escape his alienation.

This leads me on to the next comparison Huxley makes between John’s relationship with Lenina and Romeo and Juliet. John sees Lenina as his ticket to freedom so he attempts to ignore her flaws; this relates back to my earlier point about the pursuit of happiness. John finally cracks when Lenina offers him sex and he reacts angrily towards her. You could argue Lenina is nothing like the virginal Juliet that John portrays and demands her to be. She is often described “pneumatic” by Bernard, which suggests what she says and stands for bares no real substance.

Animal imagery is a significant concept in A Brave New World. At the start of the novel Huxley continuously references animals. “The delta children staring at Linda with the stupid curiosity of animals”, although civilised society has aims to become less animalistic it has the opposite effect. John soon shares the same view point and once this happens the characters in the novel start to refer to him as an animal. The crowd throws food at him like he was an “ape at the zoo”. This indicates to the reader that any attempt at further understanding in this society is deemed wrong and the people within the novel resort to animalistic tendencies, something that adds to John’s isolation and desires. You could argue John escapes in order to prove his humanity to God.

To conclude Johns Alienation in a Brave New World can be seen as the result of an oppressive ideology. The desire for “Stability” within the society comes at the expense of individual rights. Many characters within the novel become victims of this ideology, and as a result become ignorant to the harsh reality in which they live. You could argue this alienation is brought about to due to conflicting ideas of happiness between the characters, but on the other hand the overwhelming influence of the new world order acts as a wall that prevents the inhabitants from accessing the truth and seeking to achieve their desires.

– A Brave new world, published in 1994, a Flamingo modern classic

– Marxism a graphic guide, Published in 2009, by Icon Books ltd

– A perverts guide to ideology (2012) directed by Sophie Fiennes

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“Community, Identity, Stability”. Alienation and oppression are explored heavily in the novel, which many of the characters experience. For example, Bernard is alienated because he is a misfit, too small and too powerless for the position he has been conditioned to enjoy. Helmholtz is seen to be too intelligent to play his role and finally, John who is also alienated on multiple levels. He is alienated by the Indian community, and feels he is unable to become part of the world state although this alienation can be seen to provide the characters motivation for their goals.

You could argue that this alienation is brought about due to the oppressive society in which the characters live. The new world order puts stability before everything, therefore the truth becomes undesirable. A lot of the characters follow the idea of ‘freedom hurts’; they are not willing to see the truth because it’s painful and often they can’t get to grips with the unfolding of lies. Although John can be seen as the exception, he is disgusted by the lack of humanity and “be happy all the time” ground rules. Therefore, he makes himself suffer to prove he is not under the thumb of the controllers.

John being the only human naturally born from a mother represents a very unique character. In the novel, conditioning and permanent social stratification is used to make everyone fit the system perfectly. John’s mother was created in the civilized society and lived there until John was accidentally conceived. John had a connection to civilised society very early on through Shakespeare and stories from his mother. John finally arrives at civilisation as an experiment by Bernard Marx and Mond and they were intrigued to see how a savage would cope in this new environment. John at first seems to cope well, but he is disgusted by the people’s lack of free will and their ignorance and selfishness. He denounces civilised society as Mustapha Mond tells him, “there is no place for God”. He creates his own society, which at first works, until reporters come and interrupt his tranquillity. He then ultimately turns to soma and eventually commits suicide as a form of escape. Overall, John shows us the failings of the savage and civilised society and although he created his own society that is different from the rest it also fails, indicating that there is no ideal tranquil society.

John is a religious man, he believes in life after death to an extent. We shouldn’t indulge in mortal life in order to save our souls in the next. In certain types of Christianity, self-torture can be seen as a way of cleansing the soul. Throughout the novel there are various incidents which show this emphasis on self-preservation. For example, in Chapter 18, John throws himself into a “thorny bush” and Lenina thrusts her nails into his wrists. When he exiles himself from the civilised society he forces himself to drink mustard which somewhat acts as a self-conditioning and repentance. Even soma is described as “Christianity without tears” as it helps control society without pursuing the divided nature of religion.

Karl Marx, the founder of Marxism, believes that the needs of the society are more important than our individual needs, because everybody has a role in society and a goal to accomplish. Marxists believe that if you serve the needs of someone else, everybody will make sure your own needs are taken care of. In the novel, it is illustrated by the fact that people are replaceable and that the only priority is the efficiency of society. Mustapha Mond, the world controller, is a key enforcer of this. We can see this from the first moment we are introduced to him; a key aspect of control in A Brave New World is the use of his loud voice which is used in Chapter 15 to calm the riots. As we are introduced to Mond we are instantly told of “his strong deep voice” and the fact that “his voice sent a strange thrill quivering along [the students’] diaphragms.” Mustapha Mond is an embodiment of the idea of control in the novel, and the mention of his loud domineering voice contributes to this.

Ironically one of the key moments in the novel regarding Mustapha Mond is when he isn’t speaking. In Chapter 12 he is reading a Biology paper, and although he is interested by it he does not hesitate to throw it away. He seems to sacrifice happiness in order to pursue the ideals of social efficiency.

“Mother, monogamy, romance” are the words Mustapha Mond uses when discussing society to the young. Something that John stands firmly against, Mond is stating that the world state has been created to do away with these things in order to create social stability. This stance creates Johns isolation, he doesn’t deem throwing away these basic freedoms are worth social stability. This is a key point in the novel as it creates John’s isolation and is a key chain in the events that led to his eventual alienation and suicide.

John’s fixation on Shakespeare comes from his early reading of his novels as part of the Indian society. In many ways Shakespeare’s works can be seen as an analogy for his life. For example, John finds himself isolated much like Othello does. Othello is discriminated because of his skin and John his upbringing. On the other hand John is not oblivious to his isolation. “Hey, I’ve spent my whole life being lonely. You too!? No way!” His acceptation of his loneliness is evident in this quote. Yet later on in the novel when he meets Lenina he sees someone who can remove him from his solitude. “Look! A white girl!” John sees someone who is like him; this therefore offers him a chance to escape his alienation.

This leads me on to the next comparison Huxley makes between John’s relationship with Lenina and Romeo and Juliet. John sees Lenina as his ticket to freedom so he attempts to ignore her flaws; this relates back to my earlier point about the pursuit of happiness. John finally cracks when Lenina offers him sex and he reacts angrily towards her. You could argue Lenina is nothing like the virginal Juliet that John portrays and demands her to be. She is often described “pneumatic” by Bernard, which suggests what she says and stands for bares no real substance.

Animal imagery is a significant concept in A Brave New World. At the start of the novel Huxley continuously references animals. “The delta children staring at Linda with the stupid curiosity of animals”, although civilised society has aims to become less animalistic it has the opposite effect. John soon shares the same view point and once this happens the characters in the novel start to refer to him as an animal. The crowd throws food at him like he was an “ape at the zoo”. This indicates to the reader that any attempt at further understanding in this society is deemed wrong and the people within the novel resort to animalistic tendencies, something that adds to John’s isolation and desires. You could argue John escapes in order to prove his humanity to God.

Read more Comments Off on In what ways is John’s status and alienation in A Brave New World determined by an oppressive ideology?

Flying Television

Hello and welcome to your personal online journal.

Edutronic has been created to enhance and enrich your learning at the London Nautical School. Its purpose is to provide you with an audience for your work (or work-in-progress) and you have the choice (by altering the ‘visibility’ of your posts) of whether your work on here is visible to the world, or only to your teacher.

Anything you post here in the public domain represents you and thus it’s important that you take care with that decision, but don’t be afraid to publish your work – as the feedback you may get from people at home, your peers and people from around the internet is only likely to enhance it.

Remember you can always access your class blog and all manner of resources through the Edutronic.net main website – and by all means check out the sites of your peers to see what they’re getting up to as well.

If you have any questions for me, an excellent way to get an answer is to create a new private post on this journal. I am notified of any new posts and will reply swiftly to any queries.

Make the most of, and enjoy this new freedom in your English learning.

Righto!

 

Mr Waugh

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